Food ingredients, including food additives, are as varied in their origin as they are in function. Some food additives come from minerals while others are derived from plant sources like seaweed, trees, and fruit. Food additives can be produced using varying methods including fermentation, distillation, extraction or chemical synthesis. Another source of food ingredients is live microbes, which help with fermentation provide the “good bacteria” that improve digestive health.
Many additives come from sustainable sources and provide benefits to farmers, food producers, and ultimately consumers. Regardless of the source, all food additives serve a purpose in a food or beverage and contribute to the enjoyment of food.
Below is helpful information on the sources and other characteristics of some common food ingredients and food additives: